*Subthalamic Nucleus – The most frequently used target for affecting tremor, lack of movement, stiffness, slowness of movement and gait in Parkinson’s Disease; allows for medication reduction.
*Pallidum (posterior) – Used in Parkinson’s Disease when the predominant symptom is Dystonia and Dyskinesia. Also used in primary and secondary Dystonia.
*Motor Thalamus – Used for Essential Tremor (familial tremor). Used occasionally in tremor dominant Parkinson’s Disease and other tremor disorders.
*Pedunculopontine Nucleus – Rarely used but may be important for on gait freezing in Parkinson’s Disease.
*Pallidum (anterior) – Used as a target in Tourette Syndrome.